Neurons are fundamental units of computation in the brain. A central tenet of the neuron doctrine is that neurons are specialized to perform specific functions. At the same time, it is becoming clear that brain computations result from the dynamics of neural populations. However, determining which neurons contribute to distinct computations performed by neural population dynamics remains a challenge, especially in species with modest genetic accessibility. This leaves major gaps in our basic understanding of the role of single neurons in neural population dynamics generating perception, cognition, and action.
Kris Bouchard is PI of the Neural Systems and Data Science Lab in Biological Systems & Engineering Division and Group Lead, Computational Biosciences Group in the Scientific Data Division at LBNL.